AN OVERVIEW OF BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION:
Biodiversity is the variety of life forms on earth and the essential interdependence of all living things. It contains diversity of Species, diversity of Ecosystem, and diversity of Genes. The world is facing the problem of lack in biodiversity due to number of reason including narrow geographical area, low population, low breeding rate, natural disaster, pollution, hunting, global warming and climate change, and last but not the least agriculture.
BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION- A PROJECT FUNDED THROUGH UNITED NATIOON DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (UNDP) GLOBAL ENVIORNMENT FUND (GEF) & SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM (SGP)
UNDP-GEF (SGP) has been operating in Pakistan for the last twenty-five years. With grant amount ceiling of $50,000 and flexible enough to reach out to the remotest communities, SGP has won several international and national awards including Ashden, Alcan Prize and UN Habitat Award. SGP has been focusing geographically on the Indus Delta area in Sindh with several innovative projects in other parts of Pakistan..
QAZI NAG GAME RESERVE
LOCATION OF GAME RESERVES:
The Qazi Nag Game Reserve is situated in the district Hattian, about 75 km southeast of Muzaffarabad between 34º 15’ and34 º 32’ North longitudes and 74º 10’ and 74º 40’ East latitude. The project area consists of following six villages:
|1. Khatarnar||4. Chamm|
|2. Nardajian||5. Doba|
|3. GailJabra||6. Trarran|
OBJECTIVES OF BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION PROJECT:
The conservation and management plan require that the Game Reserve be managed in accordance with the purpose for which it was declared. It strives to promote the adaptive and integrated management of biodiversity and the park’s wilderness qualities and cultural character, through becoming a preferred innovative nature-based tourism destination, promoting community participation and empowerment, and including public/private partnerships, which also benefits state economic, social and educational development supported by sound research.
Immediate objectives are to promote the adaptive and integrated management of biodiversity, and to identify and manage species of special concern e.g. Markhor, Himalayan Musk deer, Cheer pheasant, griffon vulture to ensure their persistence and minimizing human induced threats and ensuring their genetic integrity and cultural character through promoting community participation and empowerment.
MANDATE OF TF UNDER UNDP-GEF SGP PROJECT:
- Implementation of the project after completing all the requisites
- Create a channel for the accurate and timely dissemination of information to interested and affected stakeholders;
- Promote opportunities for the building of understanding between different parties
- Provide the platform for stakeholders to give meaningful input input into the decision-making processes that drive the development of the reserve biodiversity management plan. The approach to the stakeholder participation process is based on the principles embodied in the legal framework of the Constitution of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, AJK Wildlife Conservation and Protection Act 2015, and AJK Forest Law 1930.
- To conduct base line survey of the area
- To develop coordination mechanism with all the stockholders (Govt, Communities, NGOs, and armed forces)
- To identify the problems and the nature and extent of community dependence on the biodiversity resources of the area and to suggest alternative resources
- To conduct need assessment of the communities
- To put forward possible solutions of all the problems
Establishment of Skills Development Centers
Taaleem Foundation has established two Skills development centers through UNDP-GEF SGP Project on Biodiversity Conservation of Qazi Nag game reserve. Six sewing machines were handed over to Mr. Nazir Usmani President Apex Committee representing all villages of the game reserve. Project Director Mr. Amjad Ghani Mir and Team Lead Consultant Mr. Yousaf Qureshi were present on this occasion along with community members and representatives of VCCs. Two trained female staff were also hired by Taaleem Foundation to provide sewing/stitching skills to female community with the intention of their capacity building and economic uplift that directly correlates with their dependency on biodiversity resources of the protected area.